Outline of Reception
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Reception (Foundation Stage)
Our youngest children, in the Reception class, follow a differentiated curriculum based on “The Early Learning Goals,” which set out what most children are expected to achieve before they move on into Year One. These Early Learning Goals have been outlined on The Long Term Curriculum Plan. The Foundation Stage Curriculum is organised into seven areas of learning and development; three prime areas and four specific areas and is also heavily influenced by how we can help the children to become effective learners.
The Prime Areas of Learning and Development
Communication and Language This area of learning involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment to enable them to build their confidence and skills in expressing themselves and to enable them to speak and listen in a range of situations.
Physical Development This provides opportunities for young children to be active to improve their co-ordination, control, and movement, which is vital in enabling them to handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing. Children will also begin to understand the importance of physical activity and making healthy choices in relation to food.
Personal, Social and Emotional Development Children need to gain a positive sense of themselves and others. During the Foundation Stage they learn how to form positive relationships and to develop respect for others, whilst building confidence in their own abilities. They develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings and to understand what is appropriate behaviour in different situations.
The Specific Areas of Learning and Development
Literacy Children are shown how to link sounds and letters to develop their ability to begin to read and write. Within the classroom the children are given access to a wide range of reading materials to develop their interest in literature.
Mathematics The children are provided with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting; understanding and using numbers; calculating simple addition and subtraction problems and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.
Understanding the World Children are enabled to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
Expressive Arts and Design Children explore and play with a wide range of media and materials and are given opportunities to share their thoughts, ideas and feelings through art, music, movement, dance, role play and design technology.
The Characteristics of Effective Learning When planning and guiding children’s activities, we also take account of the different ways that children learn and reflect these in our practice. These characteristics of effective learning are:
Playing and Exploring - children investigate and experience things, and ‘have a go’;
Active Learning - children concentrate and keep on trying if they encounter difficulties, and enjoy achievements; and
Creating and Thinking Critically - children have and develop their own ideas, make links between ideas, and develop strategies for doing things.
The ways in which children engage with other people and their environment underpin learning and development across all areas and support them to remain effective and motivated learners. In some ways, these characteristics are the most important skills that children can develop to help them become lifelong learners.
A Curriculum based on ‘Play’
In the Early Years Foundation Stage, the children learn through “PLAY”. Young children should not be subjected to pressures, and activities should be appropriate to the age of the children.
Through play, a child can:
- try out new skills and experiment with familiar ones
- explore new and familiar situations
- experiment with new and familiar materials without fear of failure
Purposeful and structured play, supported by appropriate classroom organisation, helps the child to develop socially, emotionally, morally, physically and intellectually. Our task as teachers is to provide a stimulating, structured and exciting learning environment.
We encourage each child to do as much as possible for themselves, so that they can become independent learners.